following whistle signals are used:
One short blast—
To get the attention of a swimmer
Two short blasts—
To get the attention of another staff member
Three short blasts—
To activate the emergency action plan
One long blast—
To clear the water
Accidents: These can be defined as those
occurrences that require the assistance of the lifeguard.
Included would be scrapes or cuts.
Supplies needed for these types of accidents can be found in the
first-aid kit. A phone call to
the injured person’s parents should be made to inform them of the accident.
These can be defined as those occurrences that require outside medical
attention. If the accident is of
a lesser injury such as a cut requiring stitches or the suspicion of a broken
bone, the injured’s parent or close relative should be contacted
immediately. In the case of a
more critical injury, such as burns from contact with chemicals or
unconsciousness, the ambulance should be called immediately followed by
notification of the victim’s parents or close relative.
HOW TO CALL EMS:
the dispatcher the necessary information.
Answer any question he/she might ask.
dispatchers will ask-
location or address of the emergency
telephone number from which the call is being made (665-9919)
people are injured
condition of the victim
is being given
who will meet the arriving EMS personnel and where they will be met
not hang up until the dispatcher hangs up.
and report to the lifeguard who is caring for the victim.
EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN:
A lifeguard has four basic
responsibilities in an emergency:
The lifeguard on duty shall be alert and attentive
at all times. They should be ready
to recognize if a person is drowning, ill, or injured--either in or out of the
If a drowning victim is spotted, the lifeguard
should immediately take the necessary steps to get the victim out of the water.
If the victim is not injured or unconscious, they should be instructed to stay
out of the water and rest for a period of time.
If the victim is extremely exhausted or shaken up, let them rest and then
they should be told to go home. The
victim’s family should be notified of the incident.
If the victim is unconscious, not breathing, or has
no pulse, rescue breathing or CPR should immediately be administered
continuously until help arrives and takes over.
Fellow lifeguards should immediately contact the ambulance and then begin
to evacuate the pool area. The
victim’s family shall be notified as soon as possible.
If there is a possibility of a head or neck injury,
appropriate rescue should be made for possible spinal injury using in-line
stabilization. If there are broken
bones the victim should not be moved unless necessary.
The backboard should be used to transport the victim onto the stretcher
Other lifeguards on duty should not interfere with
the rescue attempt but try to note the time of accident and interview witnesses
to the accident in case statements are needed.
They should take over coverage of the pool, stand by for a signal to call
EMS and clear the pool if necessary.